Displaced Persons - Poland page 2


Associated Polish Home of Philadelphia http://www.balchinstitute.org/manuscript_guide/html/assoc_polish_home.html

Here are two Polish - English computer translators to help you:

    http://www.poltran.com/
    http://www.polish-translation.net/

Permanent Mission of Poland to the United Nations

    9 East 66th Street, New York, N.Y. 10021, USA
    Phone: (1 212) 744 25 06, 744 25 09
    Fax: (1 212) 517 67 71
    E-mail: poland@un.int
    Website http://polandun.org/index.php
Consulate of Poland in Lusaka, Zambia
    Protea House, Cha cha cha Rd., Lusaka
    Honorary Consul: Maria R. Ogonowska-Wilniewska

Halychyna/ Galician vital records website http://www.halgal.com/vitalrecords.html

Polish Losses in World War II compiled by Witold J. Lukaszewski http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~sarmatia/498/losses.html


KASSEL to POLAND

Jim Bates of the Third Infantry Division, (ParaHistry@aol.com), is looking for Polish residents who made the train ride from from Kassel, Germany to Poland, after "World War II, to reach a designated delivery point a short distance past the Czech-Polish border. Read his page: Please Mr. Soldier...


Poland Under Soviet Occupation

    "Thus, despite the Red Army's unkempt appearance, the Soviet occupiers proved to be according to Gross greater victimizers than the Nazis. He argues that, in sheer numbers, more human beings (regardless of ethnic background - Jews, Poles, Ukrainians, Belorussians, etc.) suffered under Soviet occupation between September 1939 and June 1941 (i.e., before the Holocaust began) than under German occupation. By suffering, Gross refers to loss of life, deportation, forced resettlement, and material losses through confiscation and fiscal measures (p. 226). Whereas the Germans killed approximately 120,000 Poles and Jews combined (100,000 Jews and 20,889 Poles) in the first two years of occupation, the Soviet security police (NKVD) nearly matched that figure in just two episodes of mass execution (viz., the mass murder of Polish prisoners of war in the spring of 1940, and the evacuation of prisons in the Western Ukraine and Western Belorussia during June and July 1941). (p. 228). Gross does not compare the total numbers of Poles and Jews killed in Poland during the entire six-year period, 1939-1945."

    Excerpts from: Revolution from Abroad: the Soviet Conquest of Poland, Western Ukraine and Western Belorusssia by Jan T. Gross, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2002. xxiv + 396 pp. Notes, bibliography, and index. $44.89 (cloth). ISBN 0-691-09603-1, H-Net Book Review, Reviewed for H-Russia by Johanna Granville

    Stalin's Ethnic Cleansing in Eastern Poland http://www.stalinsethniccleansing.com/main.htm

    Timewitnesses.org The lost child from Siberia http://timewitnesses.org/english/~magda.html

The New Polish Army, was under the control of the Soviet Controlled Polish Government.

      People's Army of Poland - Submitted by Danuta Janina Wojcik

      Ludowe Wojsko Polskie; lit: People's Troops of Poland, LWP, unofficial name) was the second formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the East (1943–1945) and later the armed force (1945–1989) of the Polish communist government of Poland (since 1952, the People's Republic of Poland. 1944-1952 Wojsko Polskie. In the period 1952-1990 Si?y Zbrojne Polskiej Rzeczypospolitej Ludowej (Armed Forces of the People's Republic of Poland).

      The official name of those formations were: Armia Polska w ZSRR (Polish Army in USSR) from 1943–1944, Wojsko Polskie (Polish Troops) and Si?y Zbrojne Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej (Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland) from 1944–1952 and since 1952 Si?y Zbrojne Polskiej Rzeczypospolitej Ludowej (Armed Forces of the People's Republic of Poland.

      In the late 1940s and early 50s the Polish Army was under the command of Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky, who was given the additional title Marshal of Poland and was also Minister of National Defense. It was increasingly tied into the Soviet structures. This process was however stopped in the aftermath of the Polish October in 1956, however, and brigades began to be formed in the engineering and artillery arms.

      Until the fall of communism the army's prestige continued to fall, as it was used by the communist government to violently suppress opposition:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/

     


Poland Under German Occupation

    Speaking Polish in public was prohibited in the incorporated provinces during German occupation. On August 22, 1939, a week before his attack on Poland, Hitler exhorted his nation: "Kill without pity or mercy all men, women and children of Polish descent or language. Only in this way can we obtain the living space we need." As many as 200,000 Polish children, deemed to have "Germanic" (Aryan) features, were forcibly taken to Germany to be raised as Germans, and had their birth records falsified. Very few of these children were reunited with their families after the war. The Polish Righteous - those who risked their lives, by Anna Poray http://www.savingjews.org/

    The Forgotten Holocaust - How could five million human beings have been killed and forgotten? About Polish holocaust, Richard C. Lukas writes that Poland lost 22 percent of its total population during the six years of war, or 6,028,000 people, and that about 50 percent of these victims were Polish Christians and 50 percent were Polish Jews (p. 39). http://www.holocaustforgotten.com/

    Reflections on Richard Lukas' The Forgotten Holocaust by Ewa M. Thompson
    http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~sarmatia/498/thompson.html

    Chapter 10 of the book The Last Sunrise by Harold Gordon
    Born in Poland and deported for slave-labour to Germany, Harold Gordon lost his family in the concentration camps.

    POLES: Victims of the Nazi Era http://www.holocaust-trc.org/poles.htm

    Eye witness account of suffering of non-Jewish people Wallace Witkowski: movie http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/oi_fset.jsp?ModuleId=10005473&ArticleId=72&MediaId=1238

    Poland displaced and kidnapped children http://histclo.hispeed.com/essay/war/ww2/leb/leb-occpol.html

    Forced workers and the Catholic Church website in German http://www.akademie-rs.de/70.htm

    Overlooked Millions: Non-Jewish Victims of the Holocaust by Karen Silverstrim, MA

    "Another method, used with older children, was to separate them from their families and send them off for forced labour in the Reich. It was mainly girls between the ages of fourteen to twenty who fell within the scope of this action; they were usually sent to the Reich as domestic help and there subjected to a process of Germanization. The areas round Poznan and Lódz were the main source. The girls had most often been picked up in street round-ups or supplied by labour and social welfare offices or the Central Resettlement Office. In this way the Nazis managed to combine exploitation of slave labour with Germanization." "The Slavic territories lying to the east of Germany were particularly enticing as the Nazis considered their primarily Slavic inhabitants to be subhuman (Untermensch). The Nazis rationalized that the Germans, being a super human race, had a biological right to displace, eliminate and enslave inferiors.

     

Poland's Ukrainian conflicts: Operation Vistula - Akcja Wisla


    Akcja Wisla (Vistula Action) was a Polish government operation conducted in 1947 to depopulate southeastern Poland's Ukrainian population. All Rusyns/Ukrainians residing in southeastern Poland at that time were resettled into places in western and northern Poland. It was done to solve what the Poles call the persistent Ukrainian bandit problem, but in reality it was an attempt of ethnic cleansing.

    Submitted by Lavrentiy

    Operation Vistula & the Lemkos - on this site.

    http://www.pcs.ca/pages/ulucz/akcja_wisla.htm


    Book: Concentration Camps - Poland, Ukrainians in Poland
    Author: MiSYLO, Levhen. Iavozhno.
    Title: Nashe Slovo (our word), 1990, 28 sichnia, ch.4, located in Press File 2; Znymky (photos).
    Language--Ukrainian. Varshava (warsawa), 1990.

    In 1931, Gareth Jones writes about POLAND'S FOREIGN RELATIONS, about the Pole as conqueror, landowner over Ukrainian peasant, who looked at the Pole as the oppressor. "Troops were sent to villages in Easern Galicia. Peasants were flayed; there were burnings and searchings, and deeds of cruelty and brutality were committed."


    Sobibor (Nazi death camp) - Excerpts by Leonard Felson, Readersdigest.com

    Sobidor was a death camp deep in the Polish forest, the Nazis burned, blew up and buried the site. The survivors, witnesses and scientists are uncovering the truth.The Nazis planted a forest to hide what they did. Sobibor was the second killing center constructed as part of Operation Reinhard. It was built along the Chelm-Wlodawa railway line, in a wooded, swampy, thinly populated region. When the gas chambers were fllled with victims, the gas that was vented nto the room asphyxiated the victims in about 20 to 30 minutes. Aerial photos show different shades of green in the grassy field...The dark grean areas would be associated with mass burials because ash is a great fertilizer.

    http://www.rd.com/your-america-inspiring-people-and-stories/the-secrets-of-the-sobibor-death-camp/article183235.html


 



To: Alan braveheart180203@hotmail.com
Thu, 25 Feb 2016

Dear Alan,

I have found your e-mail address on the website on DP camps and I would like to ask for your help. I am writing my doctoral thesis on DP history and I am searching for Polish participants for the small oral history project. I thought that maybe you know people who would be interested in sharing their story with me. I am attaching below the information. I will be happy to send all the details. Do you think you could help me?

Best wishes
Katarzyna Nowak

---

ORAL HISTORY PROJECT – POLES IN DISPLACED PERSONS CAMPS AFTER THE II WORLD WAR

I am a doctoral researcher in the University of Manchester and my thesis deals with the experiences of Poles in Displaced Persons Camps in Germany, Austria and Italy. My aim is to present this story from the perspective of Poles so I would like to gather personal accounts of persons who were in these camps or of their children and relatives who could tell me about their fortunes.

I would like to meet with people who wish to share with me their stories.

If you would be interested in taking part in the project I will be happy to give you further details and send the participant information sheet. The project was approved by the University of Manchester Research Ethics Committee.

I would be very grateful if you would decide to take part in the project and share your story with me. Please contact me if you are interested in taking part in the project:

katarzyna.nowak@manchester.ac.uk
telephone: +44 7743423319


Confiscated property in Galicia: 5/9/05


The story in my family is that my Grandmother, Anna Pograniczna, had a brother Hryc. He was the eldest brother, and would have inherited substantial property in Wankowa, Galicia. He and his parents were was relocated to Strij, Ukraine. He tried to return, was captured, and sent to Siberia. He escaped after 8 years, finally made his way back to Wankowa. His large home, in which many generations of Pograniczna's were married and lived, had been destroyed. He died very shortly after finally making it back. I walked the site last year, with my mother's first cousin. My mother's grandfather Wasyli Pograniczna's pear tree still stands at the site. Wasyl

Olga's reply: This is similar to our ancesteral lands in Javornik Galicia. After WW II in a forced evacuation my grandfather had to leave the huge farmlands of his forefathers and was relocated to the bombed out areas of Prussia, now Northeast Poland.


DZOK

In the DZOK we have also a branch working on Zwangsarbeiter from Poland; one of our members (Ilona Waloscyk) speaks Polish and has a very good access. The e-mail of the Dzok is dzok@gmx.de. I work for the DZOK as a freelancer for the DP-Project and my main subject is Judaism/ Jewish history of the area. Yours Christof Maihoefer


Ethnic Groups In Poland

http://www.joshuaproject.net/countries.php?rog3=PL


Goralenvolk: A History of Betrayal - Wojciech Szatkowski's book, Goralenvolk: Historia Zdrady (Goralenvolk: A History of Betrayal), is published by Kanon.

Poland prides itself on the fact that there was no pro-Nazi government that collaborated with its German occupiers. However, a clique of highlanders actively collaborated with the Germans, championing the bogus idea of the Goralenvolk (Highlander folk), which claimed that the highlanders were descended from the Goths.

Hans Frank, Nazi governor of the 'Generalgouvernement' sector of occupied Poland visits Zakopane.
The Germans prepared the idea of the Goralenvolk to break the Polish nation into small parts,' author Wojciech Szatkowski told our reporter Nick Hodge. Nazis forged myth that highlanders were descended from German settlers.

Szatkowski, who participated in the 16th Krakow Book Fair over the weekend, is the grandson of Henryk Szatkowski, one of Nazi Germany's key collaborators in the Podhale region of southern Poland.

http://www.thenews.pl/1/9/Artykul/116793,New-book-reveals-Polish-highlanders-WWII-Nazi-collaboration


Habricha Escape Routes

Oct 26, 2013 Habricha Organization 1945 - 1948

A new presentation on Habricha Organization (download .pdf to desktop) for the rescue of Jews from post war Europe. My father and mother fled from Poland to Germany by Habricha Routes and I was born in a D.P. Camp in Germany on their way to Israel. Ze’ev Sharon zeevsharon@013.net Kiriat-Ata


History of the Polish Army http://www.angelfire.com/ok2/polisharmy/chapter3.html


I. Charsky & Co.


I. Charsky & Co. Law Firm is the largest firm worldwide in the field of Polish citizenships and handles requests from clients from all over the world who, as descendants of former Polish citizens are interested in obtaining Polish citizenship. The firm also specializes in the restitution of property in Poland to the rightful owners. www.icharsky.com

Contact person: Mandy Maor, Advocate, E-mail: mandy@icharsky.com


Irena Sendler


On May 12 2008 a 98 year-old lady named Irena died.  Irena Sendler

During WWII,  Irena got permission to work in the Warsaw ghetto, as a Plumbing/Sewer specialist. She had an 'ulterior motive'. She KNEW what  the Nazi's plans were for the Jews (being German).
  
Irena smuggled infants out in the bottom of the tool box she carried, and in the back of her truck she carried a burlap sack (for larger kids).
  
She also had a dog in the back, that she trained to bark when the Nazi soldiers let her in and out of the ghetto. The soldiers, of course, wanted nothing to do with the dog, and the barking covered the kids/infants noises.
  
During her time of doing this, she managed to smuggle out and save 2500 kids/infants.
  
She was caught, and the Nazi's broke both her legs, arms and beat her severely.
  
Irena kept a record of the names of all the kids she smuggled out, and kept those names in a glass jar, buried under a tree in her back yard.
  
After the war, she tried to locate any parents that may have survived it and reunited the family. Most had been gassed.  Those kids that she helped, got placed into foster family homes, or were adopted.

Last year Irena was up for the Nobel Peace Prize. She was not selected.  Al Gore won --- for a slide show on Global  Warming.

Submitted by Rafi rafa_el@012.net.il

Snopes has a little different version: http://www.snopes.com/politics/war/sendler.asp

http://www.irenasendler.org/


IRO accused of kidnapping children

It was clear, therefore, that IRO was a mere recruiting agency for cheap labour and that displaced persons were being used for real slave traffic. In that connexion, Mr. Altman quoted a statement made by Sir Arthur Rucker, Vice-Chairman of the IRO, which showed that immigration countries were interested only in able-bodied workers and that elderly and infirm persons were abandoned to their fate.

29. He accused Yugoslavia of having adopted the same attitude towards refugees as that of the capitalist countries and of having brought into its territory four thousand Polish families recruited in Germany.

30. He was opposed to the creation of an organization similar to IRO after the latter had ceased to operate. Indeed, he believed that far from promoting the repatriation of displaced persons IRO had put obstacles in the way, although it had had no valid reason to do so; that was clear from the articles published by Mrs. Marie Dresden Lane who had visited Poland as a representative of IRO.

31. After citing the example of one hundred young Polish women who had been brought to Canada by a certain Mr. Dionne and who had fled from the convent where they had been imprisoned, he recalled the case of the one hundred and twenty-three Polish boys and girls who had been sent to Canada from a camp in Tanganyika. Those children had first been sent to Italy where the Polish Embassy had been refused access to their camp, although the British authorities themselves had recognized that nineteen of those children had parents who had requested their repatriation to Poland. After those children had been transferred to Bremerhaven, the Polish Government and the Polish Red Cross had asked the United States Embassy in Warsaw and the local representatives of IRO to delay their departure and supply their names to the Polish authorities, but all such requests had been rejected.

32. Finally, on 29 August, the children had been put on board the General Heinzelman bound for Halifax and had been housed on 7 September in two camps supervised by nuns at Contrecoeur, near Drummondville. When the Polish Government had applied to the Canadian Government, the latter had referred it to IRO.

33. Such kidnapping was very characteristic of the whole activity of IRO and clearly demonstrated that IRO had violated the international agreements which it had assumed.

34. In conclusion, Mr. Altman said that his delegation would oppose any proposal to extend the activities of IRO until 1 April 1951 or to replace IRO by any other permanent body.

35. On the subject of the protection to be granted to Polish nationals resident abroad, Mr. Altman said that any Polish citizen in need of protection could apply to his country's consular services. As to refugees still in the camps, he repeated the view he had previously voiced at the third session of the Assembly to the effect that their repatriation should be completed before 1 July 1950.

For full story see: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/publisher,UNGA,LEGHIST,,3ae68bef10,0.html


Joshua Project Submitted by Lavrentiy lkrupnak@verizon.net

Joshua Project is a research initiative seeking to highlight the ethnic people groups of the world with the fewest followers of Christ.
Accurate, regularly updated ethnic people group information is critical for understanding and completing the Great Commission.

http://www.joshuaproject.net/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joshua_Project

Joshua Project seeks to compile and integrate ethnic peoples information from various global, regional and national researchers and workers into a composite whole. We are deeply grateful to the sources below who have provided data to Joshua Project.


'Karpacka Brigada' Polish Anti-tank gunners in North Africa- see Alan's email below.


Kresy-Siberia


In the spring of 1941 I, and some 200,000 Polish citizens living in Eastern Poland,were conscripted into the Russian Red Army. I was transported from Lwow (Lviv) to Voroshylovsk (Stavropol)in the Northern Caucasus. In July 1942 I escaped and travelled from Krasnodar to Guzar (Uzbekistan) where I joined Polish Army commanded by Gen. W. Anders. In August we left for Persia. You can find more details by visiting my website Poland & WW II 1939-1945 at http://members.shaw.ca/rskulski/, or visiting Kresy-Siberia site "A Forgotten Odyssey" - > Links > Poland in World War 2-General > Poland and World War II 1939-1945.

You may find the last section of my website "War Time Diary / Memoir / Pamietnik" of special interest. Good luck with your project. Best regards, Roman Skulski / West Vancouver, Canada

Monument to the Murdered Polish Populace of the Kresy Regions http://www.kresy.co.uk/kresy_monument.html


Alan Newark Submitted by: Alan Newark, Leeds, UK braveheart562002@yahoo.comSource: http:groups.yahoo.com/group/Kresy-Siberia/message/27861
 
Reply to: do you know anyone who was in the Polish airforce in Britain

Regarding: Polish Anti-tank gunners in North Africa.

1) It is quite possible that your father was in the Polish Carpathian Brigade which formed in 1939 - 40 in Syria , then under French. That Polish
Brigade after the surrender of France in 1940 to Germany and creation of the pro German Vichy Government, crossed over to Palestine and Egypt, then under Britain. This Polish Brigade with British Armed Forces in 1941 was sent to Libya and for a few months defended Tombruk against renewed German - Italian advances. In my film "For Your Freedom and Ours" composed of archval material, there are even some pictures of the soldiers of the Brigade manning the guns in North Africa. Few weeks before the Fall of Tombruk to Germans in 1942 famous 'Karpacka Brigada' was withdrawn from fortress Tombruk and transferred to Palestine and Iraq where it was rejoined with the Polish Anders' Army coming out of Russia and reorganized into Third Carpathian Divission.

2.) Regarding: The Expelled Exhibition presently in European Parliament. I am one of thousands and thousands of Polish expellees from the Western Poland in 1939, 1940, 1941 and partly in 1942 thrown from our homes and deported to either the German designated zone for Poles, so called "General Government"at the beginning of German occupation or later mostly to Germany for slave labour. Just after German conquest of Poland, Germany annexed the Polish western lands like "Pomorze "and "Kraj nad Warta - Warthegau" into German Reich. In result of this in 1939 and 1940 hundreds of thousands of Polish inhabitants from Poznan, Bydgoszcz, Torun and Katowice, from those cities and regions were forcefully expelled from they homes and with only small personal belongings deported originally mostly to towns and villages in Generalna Gubernia, central part of Poland. Which supposed to be some holding reservoir for Poles and their homes and properties were turned to the German settlers arriving from Germany or to so called Volksdeuch, Germans from the East. In the following years of German occupation the deliberate expulsion of Poles from officially incorporated Polish Lands into Nazi-Germany reached deeper and deeper into Poland even to cities like Sieradz and Lodz which never before belonged to Germany, but the deportation mostly changed direction instead east to 'General Government' to slave labour to Germany proper..

My family turn came in March 1942. Just few days before Easter. At 5 A.M. waken up with loud knocks to our door by a German soldier and speaking Polish civilian Volkdeuch serving in the German administration were told to pack some personal things which each of us can carry in a suitcase, and within an hour be ready to appear before a military commission held just few hundred meters away on the parking lot of a few weeks earlier expelled Polish restaurateur. The commission composed of few German SS officers glancing at our general physical appearance, looking into our faces and eyes for signs of racial etnicity quickly decided that both my parents in the late fifties, me, 13-year old boy and my two older sisters were fit for labour. Consequently with the so selected group of about a thousand people from the city of Sieradz and vicinity, we were the following night moved to the Lodz assembly camp located in some empty factory hall where, under supervision of strict German military guards and little food, we were kept for about 10 days. Finally we were sent by train loads to slave labour camps in Germany. The other, smaller group of Sieradz inhabitants composed of old people and young children which the SS German officers designated as unfit to work in Germany was transported to Generalnej Guberni.

And what happened to our homes, lands and possesions from which we were expelled? Most were taken over by German settlers arriving from bombed out cities in Germany, or Volkdeuch. Some, due to changing changing fortunes in WW II, were left uninhabited till the end of German Third Reich.

I myself only revisited Sieradz and the home of my birth 15 years later on my first visit to Poland from Canada


Michael Adamski www.mdavideo.com


Lightning and Ashes

"When we came to America in 1951, we soon settled in Chicago where there was and still is a huge Polish community. My parents, however, mainly associated with other DPs. They felt that the Poles who had come before, what people called the "old immigration," didn't much care for the DPs. We were the poor, the huddled masses, the wretched refuse of Europe's shore--like in Emma Lazarus's poem on the Statue of Liberty--and the Poles who were here already didn't much want anything to do with DPs who reminded them of what poverty and dirt and need were like. Or at least this was the way we saw it." John Guzlowski ijzguzlowski@gmail.com For more of this story, see:

http://lightning-and-ashes.blogspot.com/2007/09/dps-in-polish-triangle-chicago-1950s.html?showComment=1191377100000


Map of partitions of Poland download gif


Masuren

..12/13/05 Dear Olga!

Here is a Christian Church in the Masuren in Poland, near Border to Kaliningrad and White Russia. Thank you. All the best from Austria! Gerhard, oe2ril@barcelona.com



monument Monument to the Blessed Mother, 1850. Click to enlarge photo

 

Poland GenWeb, refugee page http://www.rootsweb.com/~polpomor/refugees.htm

Poland today http://www.poloniatoday.com/

Polish Border Surnames http://www.maxpages.com/poland

Polish costumes http://www.icbleu.org/artur/polcostumes.htm


Polish Diaspora

3/22/05 Dear Olga,
I am trying to research the years after the war and why my husband's parents were sent to the camp in Lusaka. Also anything about the camp as my husband left there in 1948 to come to the United States. Is there a web site that has more information? Thank you Amy S. Rokoszak

7/16/06 Hello:
I am conducting research into post-War Polish refugees and their children. There is information on my website http://www.polishdiaspora.net/ about the archive I am building.

My original intention was to record the stories of the original DPs, but so many of their children have come forward with memories of life in the camps that I am now adding them to the archives. The immediate post-war period is a period that requires a lot of study and I am hoping to give those that lived through it a voice.

If you have an interesting story to tell and I would very much like to hear from you. Perhaps you would agree to a telephone interview? I look forward to hearing from you. Sincerely, Bogusia Wojciechowska


Polish Migration to Australia http://www.geocities.com/terranova_au/

Polish roots http://www.polishroots.com/history.htm

Post-War Years, 1945-1990 http://www.poloniatoday.com/history13.htm


Polish - German names / localities

    Hello Olga,
    For further reference, I have thousands of Polish and German family names in my database, but more specific with Galicia area. I wouldn't be charging for look-up but would appreciate covering the cost of printing. Database is mine as well as what other have shared with me. If you could pass this infomation unto your site, great. Darwin Wagner / Saskatoon, Canada

STEZNICA / Stezhnytsja / Styzhnycja

SteznicaDear Olga !
Here is a picture from STEZNICA / Stezhnytsja / Styzhnycja (Galicia) in Poland from May 2004.
Kind regards. G.Rieck Barcelona, Spain

Click to enlarge


Wieliczka, Poland

This subcamp of the Krakau-Plaszow concentration camp was created in the spring of 1944 and produced Heinkel aircraft. The camp was abandoned in September 1944.

Åú Wieliczka, the Nazi death camp in Poland Å\ not the salt mine

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II \ Tags: Wieliczka labor camp, Wieliczka salt mine \
Here is the story of Holocaust survivor Nathan Taffel, which was published in the online Beloit Daily News here. Erica Pennington, the reporter responsible for the article, wrote this:

[Nathan and his brother] "experienced the horrors of Wieliczka, a death camp just outside of Auschwitz, where they were lucky to have escaped having the letter `T' for tot (dead in German) inked on their foreheads. Later they were sent to work in Flossenburg, a camp in southern Germany." Nathan Taffel was not sent to a "death camp." He was sent to a labor camp to work in a factory that was building airplanes. http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2012/04/01/wieliczka-the-nazi-death-camp-in-poland-not-the-salt-mine/

Åú Wieliczka salt mine near the Auschwitz camp.

In rusyns@yahoogroups.com, "Laurence" Krupnak wrote:

During World War II, the shafts were used by the occupying Germans as an ad-hoc facility for various war-related industries. The mine features an underground lake.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wieliczka_Salt_Mine

Apparently back during the Nazi occupation of Poland, the Germans used the salt mines as a base, one evening a group of intoxicated German solders decided to go out for a boat ride, which resulted in the raft capsizing, and in all onboard drowning
http://stoneartblog.blogspot.com/2010/09/daniowicz-shaft-mikoaj-kopernik-chamber.html


Wolin

    I have an old note from my mother where she mentioned that she had been at Camp Wolin - do you know where that is? Janina

    Reply: Wolin or Wollin is an island located in the Baltic Sea located just off the Polish coast. It is nearly connected to the island of Usedom. Water from the Oder river (Odra) flows into the Szczecin Bay (in Polish Zalew Szczeci?ski; in German Stettiner Haff), through the strait into Pomeranian Bay (in Polish Zatoka Pomorska; in German Pommersche Bucht), which is a part of the Baltic Sea. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolin


WWII Polish Internees - sources of information


Excerpt from: http://donhoward.net/genpoland/geninfo4.htm<
SECTION 12. OTHER BITS AND PIECES

In a GENPOL posted message dated 26 July 1996 R. Postula wrote:

"You may be interested in the following information which I obtained at a meeting of the Polish Genealogical Society of Michigan. It pertains to 'Information Forms on Labor Camp Internees in German Occupied Areas of Pre-world War II Poland 1939-1944.

Microfilmed records were originally in the custody of the Einwanderungszentralstelle (Central Immigration Office), which was subordinate to the "Reichssicherheitshauptamt" (Reich Central Security Dept.), a major division of the Schutzstaffel (SS or Security Police) of the Third Reich.

Microfilmed records are arranged by certificate number, and contain personal and family information forms on labor camp internees in German occupied areas of pre WWII Poland, 1939-1944.

In addition to Poles, the records include some internees from Germany, Austria, and Lithuania. Information contained in the records includes, names, dates and birthplaces of the internee, his parents, grandparents and children: residence, occupation, and religion. Sometimes includes a snapshot of the internee. The internees were sent to Wartheland, other parts of Poland, Germany Czechoslovakia, and Austria.

Unfortunately, there is currently no known index to these records. The records can be found a under POLAND - MILITARY RECORDS at LDS.

Film numbers are 1364501 - 1364556 and includes certificates 110004 - 529400. It appears that sixty-eight rolls of film are involved."

Submitted by: Alan Newark braveheart562002@yahoo.com


Zamosc (prison)

German-occupied Zamosc (in southeastern Poland) Camp held forcibly uprooted Poles

http://www.travel.zamosc.pl/de/page/878/1/

Computer translated:
After the outbreak of the Russo-German war in 1940, originated in the Zamosc camp for Soviet prisoners of war on the street and in Okrzei Karolowka. In later times, the camp was moved from the street into the Okrzei Powiatowa Street. It is estimated that the Germans shot more than 30 thousand people or died of starvation in the two camps.

The Germans had to make before, in the region Zamojszczyzna a German settlement cycle, which meant that needed to expel this area of the Polish population and introduced in this place of the population of German descent, mainly from the countries of Eastern Europe. It emerged camp for displaced people including Zamosc on Okrzei Street. In total about 110 thousand people were evacuated from nearly 300 villages.
 
The tragic fate the children suffered who died in thousands from starvation and cold. One consequence of this terror to the Polish public was the emergence of strong partisan troops.

Submitted by: Alan Newark braveheart562002@yahoo.com .


 

ZIH (Zydowski Instytut HIstoryczny) Jewish HIstorical Institute, in Warsaw.
This institution has professionaly qualified staff that helps search for family members and their stories. They are one of the most recognized in the geneology field.
This is their website: http://www.jhi.pl/en/genealogy?

 


Dear Olga Kaczmar,

I'm looking for a person, Mr K.L.H. van der Putt. He was born in Eindhoven, Netherlands and held in concentration camp in Sachsenhausen, German, in December 1944. After Sachsenhausen, he arrived in Bergen-Belsen in February 1945. In June 1945, Mr Van der Putt was in Gorodishche, Ukraine in a hospital. In July 1945, Mr. Van der Putt was in Grucele, Poland. He was there seen maybe with Mr. Theodore Serraris. In August 1945, he should have been in Wittstock, Germany. Somewhere in 1946 (maybe January), Mr. Van der Putt was hold as prisoner of war in Feodosija, Ukraine.
Could you give me a help, how to find this person? Kind regards Jan Burgers / Netherlands


Hello!
My name is Maria Pilkington and I would like to say thank you for creating this website that highlights the plights and heroism the Polish people went through. My mother is Polish although she wasn't around during the war. My grandparents and great-grandparents were though and my great-grandfather was actually the local councillor for the village that they lived in. So they were forced out of their house at gunpoint by the Russians and taken to work-camps in Russia. Even though they had political influence, they fortunately were not killed although it is unbelievable that they were so lucky when others were being so tragically dealt with. My second cousin was also put in the work-camp next to Auschwitz, which was an awful experience as him and the rest of the inhabitants could smell the dead bodies next door and the workers were forced to bury the people who the Nazis killed. An awful and tragic experience in our history, but thank you for highlighting their experiences and pointing out that a lot of the Polish people died as heroes protecting many Jews (which I didn't know and I'm sure many more still don't). Yours Sincerely, Maria Pilkington, Great Britain.


"I am not far from the forests that once protected our Ukrainian partisans; indeed, not far from where the Ukrainians and Poles finally, after fighting one another for so long, combined their efforts to rid of the Nazis once and for all. As I rode the train from Radom to Warsaw and passed the forests and the small villages, shadows and faces appeared among the green bushes, and peeked from behind the white-paper branches of birch trees. I could see them in their farmer's garb, watching me. Today, the old men and women who walk along the paths must be filled with stories. Did they feed partisans? Did they risk their lives to help those forest people? Or perhaps they helped to detonate a stick of dynamite or two to derail these very tracks to Warsaw; to sabotage the cars that carried stolen food to the Wehrmacht." Copyright 2001, email Chrystyna K. Lucyk


Thank you for putting together such a wonderful, heartfelt site. What horrors our relatives lived through - they were BRAVE and compassionate people. My father was born in LWOW, Poland. The family was from MAGIEROW - not too far from Lwow. They were heard from the last time in 1939. I have searched for years for relatives. My father was Kasimier Stanilaus Blaszczak; his father was Ludwik Blaszczak and his mother Anna. My father had a sister named OLGA. A cousin found a postcard from her to my father. My one wish is to see what they looked like. I have one picture of my grandfather and, of course, some of my father. My father and his brother, Frank, came to the US in 1913. My grandfather brought them here and then returned to Poland. Thank you again for providing insight into that time that I have a hard time believing even existed. Patty Blaszczak Cole Charleston, SC


Dear Olga,
I enjoyed reading the informatrion on Polish displacement during the second world war. However, my attempts to find detailed information about imigrants who lived in Masindi and Koja in Uganda all incomplete. Is there a way you could help me? Could I find someone whose family lived there? I will be glad to hear from you on this. Sincerely, Essie Sande UK


Hi. I am Karnak Eugen. I am looking for my uncle Karnak Ivan Vasiliyevich, borned in 1925, village Hopky, Lublin region, Poland. He disappeared in 1944 from Poland, when our family was emigrated from Poland to Ukraine. My email: ka65@mail.ru Thanks.


1/26/05 Dear Olga,
I am trying to trace my mother's escape from the Russians during January 1945. Here is the story she told me:

"I worked for the City of Koenigberg at that time in Jan 1945 and when the Russian artillery was shooting into the city, our department withdrew to the nearest Harbor on the Baltic coast (Danzig, now Gdansk?) and a boat took us to western Germany. We went reluctantly onto that boat as the news has just reached the harbor that the Wilhelm Gustloff, a German liner with over 6000 women and children & wounded soldiers had been sunk by Russian U-boats in the same Baltic Sea which we were about to enter. We had been cut off the land route by advancing Russian Troops. While we had alarms, sometimes U-boats, sometimes planes, we made it safely to the western part of Germany where we were greeted by air raids day and night. At that time I had a choice of going into a refugee camp or go to stay with relatives. I made my way to Hanover where a relative lived. When I reached her place I was told that my Aunt had been killed recently during an air raid."

1. What ship did she take out of Danzig? She said that the only reason that she was able to get a place aboard the departing ship is that she recognized a soldier from her home town being evacuated and he helped her get on the ship. So she departed on a ship evacuating troops and civilians.
2. Where in western Germany did these evacuees disembark?
3. Would this port have records of the persons arriving on these evacuation ships?

    I found this information online:

    "Until now, Grossadmiral Dönitz's 'sea bridge' had safely carried over 2-million refugees from East and West Prussia and Courland (present-day western Latvia and Lithuania) to western ports. On January 30th, four large transports were tied up at the Gotenhafen docks: The former passenger liners WILHELM GUSTLOFF, HANSA, HAMBURG, and the hospital ship DEUTSCHLAND" Source: http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwii/articles/wilhelmgustloff.aspx

Another site says:

"Admiral Hipper leaves Gotenhafen with 1529 refugees on board following the passenger ship Wilheim Gostloff to Kiel. The Wilhlem Gustloff was torpedoed by a Russian submarine, but Admiral Hipper arrived at Kiel unharmed on 02.02.1945." Source : http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/heavycruiser/admiralhipper/operations.html

I would appreciate any help you could give me. Jeanette B. Heath


9/27/05 Hello Olga,

Here is my father's DP identification card. He died 6 years ago. I don't know if you can use these pictures in your great web page. (click to enlarge)
Best regards,

Carlos Matecki, Venezuela
carlos.matecki@eni.com.ve


9/2/07 Hello Olga Kaczmar,
I am seeking info on persons who were at DP Camp 17 DPACS. Lagers not mentioned in your list; show this person stayed at Lochstedter Larger Holstein; also Linden Prow. Holstein. Then it states Pichlice Prov. Lodz, Poland I assume this must be his birth place. His wife apparently was in Jagerslust 131 DPACS which I found. Regards,and many thanks, Anka Kowalczyk Ozzpol88@yahoo.com.au

3/26/08

While in Germany during the second world war Mrs. Irene Ozarchuk nee Kowal gave birth to a baby girl, Olga. When Olga was a few weeks old, she got sick and was taken to the hospital. The nurse which admitted the baby said to Mrs. Ozarchuk,  "Oh my name is the same Irene Kowal (Canadian Ukrainian). A few days later, the nurse brings the pillow and blanket of the baby and said the baby died.Irene Kowal Ozarchuk
The mother did not see the baby after her death. As the Russian soldiers were moving the people, she did not leave her barrack. All these years she presumed her daughter was dead until a few years ago she receives this picture stamped at Sydney Australia and at the back it is written in Polish: "Olga is a well and beautiful lady." No other information is given. So we presume Olga was sold as a baby in Germany because at that time they were stealing children and selling them. We presume this is the baby Olga, grown up and somebody knew about Mrs. Ozarchuk because the enveloppe was sent to her to Northam. That is why were are trying to locate her. The hospital was Soltau. The mother was in a displaced person's Camp named Munster. (Click photo to enlarge.)

We wrote to Germany and we received Olga's birth certificate but there is no record of her death. The hospital destroyed their records after 30 years so we couldn't get the information of when she was discharged and when they took Olga from the hospital.

We went to the Salvation Army police missing persons unit, but they all say they cannot help us. So we have tried different channels but to no avail. The mother is elderly and not too well, therefore, I would like to see them reunited because I really feel this is her daughter. If not then al least we'll clear the case. So if you have any further suggestion I would appreciate to hear from you. Thank you kindly for your time.
Sr. Muriel  Zemliak / Ozarchuk family, mzemliak2@bigpond.com


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_areas_annexed_by_Nazi_Germany#German_colonization_and_settlement

9/5/2011 Submitted by alan newark braveheart562002@yahoo.com


www.projectinposterum.org

Extremely detailed, and painful to read, website about the anti-Polish terror of the Soviet NKVD and its Polish collaborators.

Features large numbers of individual cases of ill-treatment and torture, mostly of Underground members and supporters and with details of their ill-treatment, from September 1939 et passim through till late-1950's.

Identifies both many secret police prisons and numerous perpetrators of torture with the latter's names and ranks.

A model site for other former Soviet republics to copy and to publish in one place such information about their own Soviet era torturers.

Polish Museums Website: http://dzieje.pl/kultura-i-sztuka/podkarpackie-siedem-muzeow-mozna-zwiedzic-w-internecie

Submitted by: Alan Newark braveheart562002@yahoo.com


Zygmunt Frackiewicz- The Journey of a Polish POW 1939-1945

May 21, 2015 Hello again Olga,

After spending a much time researching the fate of my dad in WWII as a Polish prisoner of war for 6 years and his time in the post war DP camps, I have published my 1st effort at a blog. There are 13 segments to it

rfrack.blogspot.com

Regards Roman Frackiewicz RFrack8610@aol.com


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