Eckernfürde / Eckernfoerde, Schleswig Holstein (British zone) #1206
Eckernfoerde is listed as Assembly Center 1206, comprising 3 camps with 1389 DPs, responsibility was by UNRRA Team 81. DPs in 1947 = 2,583. Closed by Dec 1949. Possibly records may be found in the United Nations Archives, New York and in the Public Record Office, London.
For regional information on Eckernfoerde contact the town archives of Eckernfoerde:
City archives Stadtarchiv Eckernfoerde
Tel.+49 / 4351/712407 and 712548;
What an interesting site! My parents were part of the Estonians in the DP camp at Eckernfürde. I was born there in 1946 (in a nearby castle that became a maternity hospital). I would like to know more about the camp -- how was it operated? How many Estonians were there? I recall my parents telling me that there nearby were other nationality DP camps -- Latvians? I would love to connect with any Estonians that were in the DP camp at Eckernfürde. Elle Warner, Canada, http://www.andra-warner.com
Dear Ms. Kaczmar,
I recently came across your Web site on Displaced Persons camps and reference to the camp in Eckernfoerde, in Schleswig-Holstein in North Germany. My mother, an Estonian, was in this camp between 1945 and 1947. Best regards, Dr. Anthony Hamber London UK
1/23/08 Hi Olga,
I am early in my search of my grandparents/parents history – family names of Czubara and Pijanka, as all my grandparents have died. My father and his parents were in DP Camp Eckernforde 10/1946 - 10/1947. I am finding your site were interesting and if I can help anyone else fill in the gaps it would be a pleasure. Regards, Anne-Marie Pijanka
10/14/2012 Hi Olga,
My Dad was born in the Eckernforde camp in 1946 - surname Glembin. We have a few photos which I'm happy to share. I would love to see other photos from Eckernforde.
Best wishes and congratulations on your site.
Edmundsthal Medical Ctr., #1225, Schleswig Holstein (British zone)
Assembly Centre 269 was established in Osnabrueck, Niedersachsen, British Zone of Germany, in April 1945. (Source: Gislela Eckert, Hilfs- und Rehabilitierungsmänahmen der West-Alliierten des Zweiten Weltkrieges für Displaced Persons (DPs) dargestellt am Beispiel Niedersachsens 1945 - 1952, (Ph.D. thesis), Braunschweig 1995.) UNRRA Team 242 was there in November 1945. (Source: UN-Archives, PAG-4/18.104.22.168.0.1:13, file 497) So this is two hits!! Edmonton was the camp's nickname; many camps got Polish city names or names of politicians like Stalin. A former German artillery barracks: Kaserne Blok 11 / Kaserne Block 11 means barracks Block 11. BAOR means: British Army of the Rhine. The International Tracing Service is to be checked, maybe there are relevant records about UNRRA team 242 and Assembly Center 269 in the UN-Archives, New York or about the Assembly Center and the situation in Osnabrueck in the Public Record Office, London. Aso called Gut Klausheide in '47. DPs in 1947: 4,055; in 1949: 490; in 1950: 651.
For regional historical information the town archives in the State Archives at Osnabrueck (Niedersüchsisches Staatsarchiv Osnabrück, Schlöstr.
29, D-49074 Osnabrueck, Germany
Tel: +49(541) 33162-0 . . . Fax: +49(541) 33162-62
Eggenfelden - US zone; there was a prison there Gerichtsgefaegnis; near Passau
9/9/04 Hi Olga,
We are looking for information on my father Henry ( Henryk) Bieda and his family. He was in the Eggenfelden camp in Passau as a member of the Special Laison Police in 1945. We have his ID card. We are trying desperately to find any of his family. We think he might have been liberated from Warsaw. Also is there a way of finding out where he was liberated from in Warsaw? The only other detail is that he had the "KL" tattooed on his left arm -- not a number like most. Also, he was born in Kamensk in Ukraine and moved at an early age to Warsaw. In Polish, Bieda (Big Troubles) means poverty . Talk to you soon and again thank you, Regards, Ken and Ann Rothstein
Click to enlarge
Ehra-Lessien, #2522, Land Niedersachsen (British zone)
Eichstätt, Bayern (Bavaria)
City Archives: Stadtarchiv Eichstätt
Submitted by: Wolfgang Strobel, author of Post der befreiten Zwangsarbeiter - Displaced Persons Mail Paid in Deutschland 1945 - 1949.
Dear Ms. Kaczmar
Have you come across any information about a DP camp in Eichstatt, Germany? A map at the brama.com website has a map compiled by Ihor Stebelsky which shows a camp at Eichstatt south of Nurnberg. I am trying to find my wife's place of birth during April 1946 which according to mother-in-law was at a Catholic hospital near Eichstatt, or Eckstadt (pronunciation uncertain, she does not remember). I have been looking at sites south and east of Nurnberg. The Czech city of Egger used to be called Eckstadt. Any chance that there were camps housing Ukrainians along the border? George Maksymonko
Einbeck, #2811, Land Niedersachsen (British zone). Under the Nazis, there was a civilian work camp, Heidemann-Werke, in Einbeck with150 persons.
From Wolfgang Strobel email@example.com:
I do not have much information on the DP camp in Einbeck.
It existed probably from the Allied occupation of Germany in 1945 until at least November 1947.
It had the DPAC number 2811 until June 1947 and the DPACCS/DPAC number 49/2811 from July to November 1947 and/or 49/2812 from September to October 1947.
The team 131 GIS of the Guides International Service, a British Relief organisation of the Girl Scouts, assisted the DPs in this camp.
Maybe these few informations might help you when asking other sources for information.
If you have a precise question or topic you ar searching for, you could try at the town's archives
Street address: Steinweg 11,
Tel: 49 55 61 / 97 17 10
Fax: 49 55 61 / 97 17 11
I have been searching for some information on DP camp in Einbeck, as I was born in a place called Deinerlindenweg 1 which was a hospital and is now a home for the aged. This hospital wasn't too far from the camp where my mother was pregnant with me. My Baptism certificate has the hospital and two camps on it, the only information I need to complete my family historical journey, is some historical information on a DP camp called Larger Sikorsky.
With kind regards, yours sincerely, Krystyna Davis firstname.lastname@example.org
Our mother was in a camp Sikorski in Einbeck, believed to be German
barracks. Are you able to provide any further information on this
camp or are you able to direct me somewhere? I would appreciate any information.
Mary McNamara email@example.com
Ellern (British zone)
There were about 600 Polish and Russian nationals at the camp. Sanitary conditions were immediately improved. Better quarters, including beds, which they did not have previously, were provided. The local Germans furnished food including milk for the children. The camp was cleared, policed and made habitable. An athletic field was set up rear the main gate, and musical instruments were furnished. It was one of the few known displaced persons camp where Poles and Russians lived and worked together in complete accord'. Submitted by Alan Newark. Alan Newark. See http://www.trailblazersww2.org/276thInf/276thaarapr.htm
Ellwangen (Ukrainian) / Jagst was a IRO Camp, Muhlberg Kaserne,
1/10/06 Hi Olga,
As I was going through some documents, I found my birth certificate which had been issued at the DP camp in 1950. I looked for the place of issue and discovered it was Muhlenberg Kaserne in Ellwangen. I don't know much about it except that is where my brother was born. Happy New Year, Irena email: firstname.lastname@example.org
I was in Hameln, Bockhorn. Sande, Emden DP camps. Do you have any info? John S Pruchnik email@example.com
Around 40,000 mainly Polish DPs were living in the Emsland region in August 1945. The Emsland, situated in the north-western part of Germany at the Dutch-German border, was liberated by British, Canadian and Polish units of the 2nd Canadian Army and the 30th British Corps. About 1,700 women soldiers who had been captured at the Warsaw insurrection and taken prisoners of war at Oberlangen camp were liberated.
On May 19th 1945, the 2nd Canadian Army decided to set up a Polish colony in the Emsland. The new national enclave was to be controlled by the Polish Armoured Division. General Montgomery, the British Commanderin-Chief, gave his permission to continue with the project of evacuating the German population in order to create a Polish enclave in June. Within the context of this operation the British military government brought Polish DPs from other camps in the British zone to the Emsland region, amongst them, more than 1,000 Polish Jews from the concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen.
The plan to set up a Polish enclave was cancelled in mid-June 1945. By then, seven German villages had already been evacuated, so that the thousands of Polish DPs were able to settle in the Emsland. This development plus the fact that the 1st Polish Armoured Division had taken up occupation duties in May 1945 exerted a magnetic appeal to thousands of Polish DPs and former prisoners of war from the outside. At the end of 1945, the proportion of foreigners accommodated in former concentration camps, POW camps and in requisitioned houses in the Emsland region was between 10 (Lingen district) and 28 percent (Aschendorf-Hümmling district).
For the DPs, the Emsland served as a transit and the DP camps became waiting rooms. The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) took care of these people, as did the soldiers of the Polish Division helping their countymen. While the DPs were being provided for by the Germans in the spring of 1945, nutrition statistics compiled from November 1945 showed that only 150 of about 2,150 calories were supplied by German resources. By January 1946, the British military government had set up 15 Polish DP camps, five ex-prisoner of war camps and one DP camp for Baltic nationals in the Emsland region.
Maczköw, the former German town of Haren (Ems), was the most renowned with a population of around 3,500. In a situation which was often characterized by germinating hopes of self-determination, liberty aspirations were often destroyed by the overly pragmatic policies of the British military government. Displaced Persons tried frequently to cope with their often traumatic experiences. Therefore, education and cultural traditions, which were forbidden during the war, now became revitalized to help many of these homeless people. Professional and amateur actors founded theaters. Local grassroots newspapers sought to quench the near insatiable thirst for information that had been banned for so long during the years of isolation.
The DP camps were like villages with a mayor, their own police and fire stations, and a church; a Catholic one naturally. Every DP camp had its own kindergarten and one or more primary schools; in Lingen and Maczköw there were high schools. Nearly one hundred teachers supervised about 2,000 pupils. In the spring of 1946, 23 out of a total of 34 Polish schools in the British zone were in the Emsland region. For the adults, the UNRRA arranged driving schools, courses in tailoring and sewing as well as English lessons and an open university. A public health system was set up and organized by the DPs themselves and supported by the UNRRA. The majority of the doctors were DPs and former prisoners of war.
Before October 1946, the bulk of the Polish DPs in the Emsland region refused repatriation, yet the demobilization of the 1st Polish Armoured Division and their successive departure to Great Britain induced some of them to leave the Emsland. About 2,500 DPs, relatives of Polish soldiers left for England in the winter of 1946-47, thus having reduced the amount of Polish DPs in the Emsland region to 14,800 in April 1947. Many of them did not want to go back to Poland. They were frightened to have to return to a Cornmunist country where they would run the risk of being persecuted.
The UNRRA was essentially a temporary organization which expired in June 1947. After that time, the International Refugee Organization (IRO) has been taking care of Displaced Persons. Even though the repatriation was the main concern ofthe new refugee organization, in reality, its principal task was resettlement. From 1947 to 1950 thousands of DPs left the Emsland for resettlement, especially in the United States of America, Canada and Australia. In June 1950 when the IRO submitted responsibility for the DPs to the German government only about 1,000 DPs were living in Lingen, the largest and last DP camp in the Emsland region. These consisted of mainly old and sick DPs who were in no physical condition to pass the immigration selections. DP camp Lingen did not close until 1957, and some DPs are still living in Germany as so-called "homeless foreigners" (heimatlose Ausländer).
Big list of 1930's and later Emsland camps: http://www.diz-emslandlager.de/english/camps00.htm
Submitted by Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
Ennigerloh (British zone)
Entenbruck (British zone)
7/19/07 Dear Olga:
I came across your site, which has a lot of information regarding DP Camps after WWII. I am searching for a German village where our family lived and worked as forced labor from spring of 1944 to summer of 1945 as forced labor. I would like to visit the village and try to locate the offspring’s of the owner of the manufacturing plant and share our family’s experience. We were lucky to have such an understanding owner who helped us to escape deportation to Ukraine and I would like to convey our thanks to his offspring’s.
I am nearly 70 years old and I am in process of documenting our family’s history for future generations. Unfortunately all members of the family who lived during that time are gone and my recollection is limited. Here is my recollection, which could be of some use:
1. The village was in the British Zone.
2. The population of the village was approximately 1,500 people.
3. There was a railroad through the village which branched-off into two or three directions. (Thus allies bombed the village heavily.
4. There were between 60 to 100 forced labors working in manufacturing facilities mostly involved with wood products (windows, doors, barrack prefabricated parts and furniture).
5. There was a forested area nearby where people moved to avoid being killed during heavy bombing periods. Also, there was a small river running through the village.
6. British soldiers occupied the village few days after the war was over.
7. Within a week or so, Soviet representatives came to administer repatriation process.
8. All forced labor was moved to a large barracks and guarded by British Army.
9. At my father's, the owner of our manufacturing plant arranged a closed railroad transport car. Eight people, in the officially sealed-lead-tags railroad car, left the village for the American Zone at 3:00 a.m. It took us three days to get to his friend’s manufacturing facility in the American Zone. We were then transported to the American refugee-gathering center. To my parent’s knowledge, the remaining forced labor people were repatriated to Ukraine, where they, most likely, received harsh treatment.
10. We were moved to the temporary DP camp close to the France or French Zone.
The word Entenbruk, or some spelling variation, is imprinted in my mind as the village name. However, I could not find such a village on the Internet.
I know that this is very little to go on; but, if you have any recommendations on how I could find out the name of this village, it would be greatly appreciated.
Sincerely your, Albert Kamensky email@example.com
Erkenschwick -2 camps (British zone)
Eschwege, Jews, Eschwege Air Base
City archives - Stadtarchiv
Address: Anger 2, D-37269 Eschwege-Niederhone, Tel. (05651) 304-294, or
Stadtverwaltung, Postfach 1560
"In April 1949 a group of 375 Jews left the DP camp in Eschwege to make 'alija' (to go to Israel). They were free people. But when their train arrived in Ulm, they were asked to go into the DP barracks. The Jews were not willing to follow this order. Why should they do this? For 34 hours they did strike in the wagons. Then they were forced by armed military police to leave the train and they were brought to the Hindenburg barrack (another large DP camp in Ulm). A photograph documents this event in '49, showing the row of military police at the train, not at the regular railway station, but at the ramp." Written by Christof Maihoefer
Essen-Kray, #3200, mostly Polish, Balts, Yugoslavs Essen has it's own page.
City archives: Stadtarchiv Esslingen am Neckar
73728 Esslingen am Neckar
I am looking for a DP camp that was in Esslingen, right by the Neckar River. My uncle called this place the Schwertmuhle, or Sword Mill. He wrote a paper and here are a few places he spoke of:
The Esslingen Burg
Stadt Halle (with a massive clock with figures)
There's a train station with a station pub or stube
There's a large industrial complex there now.
If you have any info on it or pictures, that would be fabulous. My family, the Kurz family, was there from 1949 - 1956. Thank you so much! Cheryln Kurz
"Stadt Halle" probably is Schwäbisch Hall - see letter S. Submitted by: Wolfgang Strobel, author of Post der befreiten Zwangsarbeiter - Displaced Persons Mail Paid in Deutschland 1945 - 1949.
May 5, 2010
My mother was in the DP camp that was in Esslingen, right by the Neckar River. The camp/name of the loom factory was Kolb & Schule A. G. town of Lembert with her residence of Kirchheim-Teck.
How can I get more info on this for family geneology?
Thank you for the info. You can post my request.
Thanks for your help!!! Stella H. firstname.lastname@example.org.
As a Medic in WWII, I worked briefly in a DP Camp for Polish people in the Spring of 1945. The camp was run by UNRRA and was in Etzel , Germany near Köln (Cologne).
Do you have any info about this camp? Thanks. GMFreeman email@example.com
Euskirchen - Refugee children forbidden to take walks because of hidden mines, grenades and ammunition (Wyman, p.42).
Eutin, #1235, Schleswig Holstein (British zone), mostly Balts,
Ewald, 2 camps (British zone) European Archives: http://councilforeuropeanstudies.org/resources/libraries-archives?gclid=COawguPSm8ICFVCCMgodPToARw